Neonatal nurses work either within specialist neonatal units (within maternity or children's hospitals) or in the community.
Neonatal nurses care for new-born babies who are premature or born sick. There are a vast number of conditions that can affect a new-born baby and require treatment from specialists within the multidisciplinary healthcare team.
Premature babies have particular problems such as respiratory difficulties that can be life threatening if not treated promptly and appropriately by the specialist team. Likewise, the nutritional needs of the sick newborn and premature babies will require specialist care.
The neonatal nurse also has the important role of supporting the parents of the baby at a time when they themselves are very anxious and stressed. As far as possible, the parents and occasionally other family members are encouraged to take an active role in the care of the baby.
You'll need to be a registered adult nurse, children's nurse or midwife to work in neo-natal nursing. After a period of six months of relevant experience, nurses and midwives should be encouraged to undertake continuing professional development.
As well as the general skills needed to be a nurses, neonatal nurses require:
Neonatal nursing programmes are part of continuing professional development. They normally contain a range of modules, which specialise in different aspects of neonatal nursing.
Programmes are delivered in partnership with local higher education institutions and health care trusts and may be available online, giving the opportunity for distance learning.
Financial support is normally available through the continuing professional development budget within each healthcare trust.
There is currently a shortage of staff working as neonatal nurses. There are several routes for neonatal nurses to further their careers. These include opportunities in management, education, research and advanced practice. There are also opportunities to work as consultant nurses.
Job vacancies appear in a range of sources including the NHS Jobs.